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Trace Elements in Medicine
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ACCUMULATION OF ESSENTIAL AND CONDITIONALLY ESSENTIAL TRACE ELEMENTS IN HAIR OF INHABITANTS OF RUSSIA

TRACE ELEMENTS IN MEDICINE (MOSCOW)

2016, 17(2): 24−31
ORIGINAL PAPERS

ACCUMULATION OF ESSENTIAL AND CONDITIONALLY ESSENTIAL TRACE ELEMENTS IN HAIR OF INHABITANTS OF RUSSIA

E.V. Salnikova1*, V.Yu. Detkov2, A.V. Skalny 1,3,4

1 Orenburg State University, Pobedy ave. 13, Orenburg 460018, Russia 2 K.A. Rauchfuss Municipal Children's Hospital № 19, Ligovsky ave. 8, lit. A, St. Petersburg 193036, Russia
3 All-Russian Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Grina str. 7/1, Moscow 117216, Russia
4 Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Sovetskaya str. 14, Yaroslavl 150000, Russia

DOI: 10.19112/2413-6174-2016-17-2-24-31 

ABSTRACT. Accumulation of essential and conditionally essential trace elements was studied in hair of people residing in Russia. Hair samples were taken from women and men 25-50 years old for a long time living in the Volga and Ural Federal Districts. These districts are relatively similar by climatic and geographical conditions, with the exception of the Orenburg Region and Yamalo-Nenets District. Determination of trace elements in hair was carried out in the test laboratory ANO Center for Biotic Medicine (Moscow) in accordance with the methodological guidelines MUK 4.1.1482-03, 4.1.1483-03 approved by the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. The study has shown that a distinctive feature of the Volga Federal District is relatively high prevalence of Cu, Zn deficiencies among the population on the background of Pb, Cd excess. In this federal district the highest risk of Cu, Zn hypoelementoses was detected in the Perm Territory, Penza region, Mordovia and Udmurtia; the lowest risk was detected in the Nizhny Novgorod region, Ulyanovsk region, Republic of Bashkortostan and Samara region. As regard to whole trace element profiles of adult population, there are favorable and unfavorable regions in the both federal districts. The most favorable are the Nizhny Novgorod region, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, the Ulyanovsk and Samara regions. The most unfavorable are the Khanty-Mansi and the Yamalo-Nenets autonomous areas, the Republic of Udmurtia, the Sverdlovsk, Orenburg and Penza regions. Both socioeconomic and environmental factors have a considerable impact on trace element status of the population.

KEYWORDS: trace elements, ranking, hair, population, morbidity, health.

* Corresponding author: E.V. Salnikova, E-mail: salnikova_ev@mail.ru