Yu.A. Rakhmanin, N.A. Egorova, R.I. Mihajlova, I.N. Ryzhova, M.G. Kochetkova
Federal State Budgetary Institution
“Centre for Strategic Planning and Management
of Biomedical Health Risks” of the Federal Medical Biologic
al Agency, 10/1, Pogodinskaya str., 119121, Moscow, Russian Federation
ABSTRACT. The first part of the review is devoted to the Essentuki group of mineral waters in the Stavropol Territory. The second part of the review continues the consideration of the use in the treatment and prevention of diseases of silicon-containing mineral waters of the Stavropol Territory, including those produced in the Caucasus Mineral Waters (KMV) region near the resort cities of Zheleznovodsk, Kislovodsk, Essentuki, Pyatigorsk and at the Teberda resort in Karachay-Cherkessskaya Republic (KChR). Attention is also paid to the healing effect of the mineral waters of the Krasnodar Territory, including thermal ones, which include the microelement silicon. The results of the practical application of the mineral waters "Smirnovskaya", "Slavyanovskaya", "Nagutskaya-4", "Nagutskaya-26", "Novoterskaya healing", "Narzan", "Sulfate Narzan" of the KMV, "Teberda" of the KChR and sources "Khadyzhensky" are presented. and the village of Yaroslavskaya of the Krasnodar Territory in clinical and sanatorium-resort conditions. From the data published in the scientific press, it follows that the listed mineral waters, when drunk and in combination with various balneological procedures, have a wide range of positive therapeutic effects on the human body. They can be successfully used for the treatment and prevention of many chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, gastroduodenitis, erosive and ulcerative lesions of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum, enterocolitis, irritable bowel syndrome), chronic pathologies of the liver, gallbladder and biliary tract, pancreas, cardiovascular, nervous and endocrine systems, metabolic disorders, diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract, gynecological diseases and diseases of the respiratory system of a non-tuberculous nature in adults and children. Many details of the beneficial effect of silicon-containing mineral waters on the human body are associated with the normalization of hormonal status indicators - cortisol, insulin, triiodothyronine, cholecystokin. A number of works emphasize the direct role of silicon in the healing effect of mineral waters, which include metasilicic acid. It is planned to continue the analysis of the results of the use of silicon-containing mineral waters in medical practice in the third part of the review.
KEYWORDS: silicon-containing mineral waters, application in the treatment and prevention of human diseases.