N.V. Bolotova1, A.A. Skalny2, N.Yu. Filina1, K.A. Cherednikova1,
M.S. Kurdiyan1, O.A. Logacheva1, I.A. Bochkarev1, E.E. Cuhushina1
1Saratov State Medical
University named after V.I. Razumovsky
Ministry of Health of Russia,
st. Bolshaya Cossack, 112, Saratov, 410012, Russian Federation
2Peoples' Friendship University of Russia,
Research Institute of Molecular and Cellular Medicine,
Miklukho-Maklaya str. 6, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
ABSTRACT. In modern dietology and nutrition of childhood, a special role is given to the study of deviations in elemental homeostasis as one of the etiological factors of nutritional status disorders in children and adolescents. A high percentage of the prevalence of eating disorders in the child population dictates the need to study the microelement composition as one of the predisposing factors for metabolic disorders. The purpose of this work was to assess the features of the mineralogram in children with different nutritional status. A total of 60 children (boys, girls) aged from 8 to 15 years were examined: of them, group 1 included 20 children with excess body weight, group 2 – 20 children with underweight, control group group – 20 children with normal body weight and minor functional health disorders. In the course of the study, the spectrum of microelementoses in overweight and underweight children was assessed, the data obtained were correlated with the mineralogram data of healthy children of the same age and gender. According to the results of the examination in the group of children with obesity, essential polydeficiencies were obtained in terms of the level of iodine, potassium and manganese. In patients with protein-energy deficiency, there was a deficiency of iodine, potassium, sodium and manganese, as well as a high degree of accumulation of toxic elements: aluminum, barium and gallium. Patients in the comparison group had a similar spectrum of essential micronutrient deficiencies, however, the degree of deficiency was slightly lower than in patients with impaired nutritional status.
KEYWORDS: trace elements, mineralogram, obesity, malnutrition, children, adolescents.