Supplement to the journal
"Trace Elements in Medicine" (Moscow)
HEALTH OF CHILDREN LIVING IN THE AREA OF OPERATION OF A LARGE COPPER SMELTER
G.N. Kireeva1, E.V. Zhyukovskfya2*
1Regional Children's Clinical Hospital
2NMIC of Children's Hematology, Oncology and Immunology named after D. Rogachev, Ministry of Health of Russia
ABSTRACT. Living in an area with excessive levels of chemical elements can affect various body functions throughout a person's life. The purpose of this study was to assess the health of the child population of the city of Karabash, and the contamination of the organism of the examined children with toxic and conditionally toxic chemical elements. In 2014, a clinical examination was carried out on 114 children from 12 to 14 years old, living in the Chelyabinsk region in the village of Karabash, and hair samples were examined for the content of macro- and microelements. Analytical studies were carried out in the Testing Laboratory of ANO "Center for Biotic Medicine" by methods of atomic emission spectrometry with inductively coupled argon plasma (ICP-AES) and others. Deviations of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, a high incidence of comorbid diseases were revealed. Boys have an excess of As, Cd, Tl largely, while the girls have an excess of Pb. The content of As and Pb in the hair of subjects from Karabash is higher not only with the indicators of children from other settlements, but also with the recommended average Russian values. Conclusion. The indicators of the health of the child population, the increased content of toxic chemical elements in biomaterials make it possible to classify Karabash as a city in need of recreational programs.
KEYWORDS: children, health, toxic, essential chemical elements.Corresponding author: E.V. Zhyukovskfya e-mail: email@example.com