(ACCORDING TO QUESTIONNAIRE DATA)
L.A. Zhdanova, A.V. Shishova, I.E. Boboshko
Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of
Higher Education "Ivanovo State Medical Academy"
of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation
153012, Russia, Ivanovo, Sheremetevsky prospect, 8
ABSTRACT. The program of the formation of a child's health is being founded before his birth, and sufficient micronutrient provision both of the child's own diet and his mother's one during pregnancy and during breastfeeding plays a significant role in this process. The results of the survey of pregnant women (n=612), parents (n=80), adolescents (n=100), and medical workers of children’s polyclinics (n=124) on the problem of micronutrient deficiency and its impact on the formation of children’s health are presented. The study revealed a high awareness of pregnant women about the benefits of vitamins (87,5%) which determines their commitment to micronutrient subsidies. However, this consciousness was insufficient during breastfeeding (19%), which requires the activation of sanitary and educational work with nursing mothers. Neither teenagers (54%) nor their parents (60%) in most cases are focused on regular long-term micronutrient subsidies, which explains the further rare intake of vitamin and mineral complexes in adulthood, including at the stage of pregnancy planning. It was noticed that pediatricians often show insufficient awareness of the optimal use of vitamin and mineral complexes and that there is a shortage of qualified information from specialists among the population. Considering medical personnel is the most trusted source of information among people, it is necessary to organize their additional training.
KEYWORDS: vitamins, health formation, micronutrient deficiency, children, awareness.